Everyone has the right to live in a safe and welcoming neighbourhood where they feel they belong.
However, the UK, like many other countries, faces a continuing threat from terrorism. We face a very real challenge from terrorism and violent extremism from a very small minority who seek to harm innocent people in the name of an ideology that causes division, hatred and violence.
Some people who join terrorist groups have previously been members of extremist organisations and have been radicalised by them. The Government has defined extremism as: "vocal or active opposition to fundamental British values, including democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty and mutual respect and tolerance of different faiths and beliefs.
In South Tyneside we have made great progress in making our communities stronger, safer and more prosperous. Our vision is to make South Tyneside a place where everyone can feel involved and included in a way that suits them, where people understand and respect each other, where people are proud of their shared values and identity, and communities are actively engaged in decisions that affect them.
Counter Terrorism Strategy (CONTEST)
To respond to the threat from terrorism the Government has developed a coordinated long-term counter-terrorism strategy known as CONTEST. The overall aim of that strategy is to reduce the risk to the UK and its citizens and interests overseas from terrorism, so that people can go about their lives freely and with confidence.
The Strategy comprises four key components:
Prevent: to stop people becoming terrorists or supporting terrorism
Pursue: to stop terrorist attacks
Protect: to strengthen our protection against a terrorist attack
Prepare: to mitigate the impact of a terrorist attack
The purpose of Prevent is at its heart to safeguard and support vulnerable people to stop them from becoming terrorists or supporting terrorism. Prevent work also extends to supporting the rehabilitation and disengagement of those already involved in terrorism. Prevent works in a similar way to programmes designed to safeguard people from gangs, drug abuse, and physical and sexual abuse. Success means an enhanced response to tackle the causes of radicalisation, in communities and online; continued effective support to those who are vulnerable to radicalisation; and disengagement from terrorist activities by those already engaged in or supporters of terrorism.
The objectives of Prevent are to:
Tackle the causes of radicalisation and respond to the ideological challenge of terrorism.
Safeguard and support those most at risk of radicalisation through early intervention, identifying them and offering support.
Enable those who have already engaged in terrorism to disengage and rehabilitate.
Prevent depends on effective partnership working. In South Tyneside multi-agency safeguarding measures are available, to prevent people from being drawn into terrorism, and frontline staff who engage with the public should understand what radicalisation means and why people may be vulnerable to being drawn into terrorism as a consequence of it.
Local guidance on Prevent can be found in the following documents: