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JSNAA

Deprivation (JSNAA)

What is deprivation?

In England, deprivation is measured using The Indices of Deprivation 2015 (IMD 2015). It is based on seven different domains of deprivation:

  • Income Deprivation
  • Employment Deprivation
  • Education, Skills and Training Deprivation
  • Health Deprivation and Disability
  • Crime
  • Barriers to Housing and Services
  • Living Environment Deprivation Each of these domains is based on a basket

Combining information from the seven domains produces an overall relative measure of deprivation.

How is deprivation data used?

  • National and local organisations use the Index of Multiple Deprivation, sometimes in conjunction with other data, to distribute funding or target resources to areas.
  • It is widely used across central government to focus programmes on the most deprived areas.
  • Locally, it is often used as evidence in the development of strategies, to target interventions, and in bids for funding.
  • The voluntary and community sector also uses the Index, for example, to identify areas where people may benefit from the services they provide.

Deprivation and health

Deprivation in South Tyneside

  • The IMD ranks each small area in England from 1 (most deprived) to 32,844 (least deprived). Each small area has about 1,500 residents. Small area rankings are averaged to give local authority rankings.
  • Across the 7 domains, South Tyneside has the following rankings (higher rankings indicate more deprivation and are out of 326 authorities):
    • Income: 15th
    • Employment: 7th
    • Education: 98th
    • Health: 15th
    • Crime: 186th
    • Barriers: 163rd
    • Living: 313th
  • South Tyneside has 102 small community areas ranking from 102nd out of 32,844 small areas in England to 31,633rd. The higher the ranking, the more deprived.
  • Go to a map of English IMD

Interpreting deprivation data

  • Deprivations data is often given in quintiles (groups of 5) or deciles (groups of 10) with:
    • 1 being the lowest and most deprived
    • 5 or 10 being the highest and least deprived.
  • IMD is a measurement of relative deprivation and not affluence.  It can be used to compare two or more areas.
  • Because methods for calculating deprivation change with each release (the previous score came out in 2010), scores between releases for the same area cannot be compared.
  • An summary infographic on how IMD scores can and cannot be used can be found here.

Go to IMD data in Fingertips

Additional resources

Due North: Report of the Inquiry on Health Equity for the North

Last updated: March 2016

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  • Joint Strategic Needs and Assets Assessment (JSNAA)
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