Skip header

Deprivation (JSNAA)

What is deprivation?

In England, deprivation is measured using The Indices of Deprivation 2019 (IMD 2019). It is based on seven different domains of deprivation:

  • Income Deprivation
  • Employment Deprivation
  • Education, Skills and Training Deprivation
  • Health Deprivation and Disability
  • Crime
  • Barriers to Housing and Services
  • Living Environment Deprivation Each of these domains is based on a basket

Combining information from the seven domains produces an overall relative measure of deprivation.

How is deprivation data used?

  • National and local organisations use the Index of Multiple Deprivation, sometimes in conjunction with other data, to distribute funding or target resources to areas.
  • It is widely used across central government to focus programmes on the most deprived areas.
  • Locally, it is often used as evidence in the development of strategies, to target interventions, and in bids for funding.
  • The voluntary and community sector also uses the Index, for example, to identify areas where people may benefit from the services they provide.

Deprivation and health

  • Deprivation is a well-known correlation with health.
  • The more deprived areas in England suffer from worse health outcomes across the Public Health Outcomes Framework.
  • There is a gap of almost 20 years in the healthy life expectancies of those that live in the most and least deprived areas of England.

Deprivation in South Tyneside

  • The IMD ranks each small area in England from 1 (most deprived) to 32,844 (least deprived). Each small area has about 1,500 residents. Small area rankings are averaged to give local authority rankings.
  • Across the 7 domains, South Tyneside has the following rankings (higher rankings indicate more deprivation and are out of 326 authorities):
    • Income: 13th
    • Employment: 3rd
    • Education: 75th
    • Health: 15th
    • Crime: 69th
    • Barriers: 266rd
    • Living: 315th
  • South Tyneside has 102 small community areas ranking from 305th out of 32,844 small areas in England to 31,929th. The higher the ranking, the more deprived.
  • Go to a map of English IMD

Interpreting deprivation data

  • Deprivations data is often given in quintiles (groups of 5) or deciles (groups of 10) with:
    • 1 being the lowest and most deprived
    • 5 or 10 being the highest and least deprived.
  • IMD is a measurement of relative deprivation and not affluence.  It can be used to compare two or more areas.
  • Because methods for calculating deprivation change with each release (the previous score came out in 2010), scores between releases for the same area cannot be compared.
  • A summary infographic on how IMD scores can and cannot be used can be viewed at Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government: The English Indices of Deprivation 2019 (IoD2019) .

Additional resources

Due North: Report of the Inquiry on Health Equity for the North

IoD 2019 Interactive Dashboard

Last updated: October 2021

How would you rate the information on this page?

  • Joint Strategic Needs and Assets Assessment (JSNAA)
  • South Shields Town Hall
    Westoe Road
    South Shields
    Tyne & Wear
    United Kingdom
    NE33 2RL

Share this page